The rules of logistics

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Essence, structure and basic functions of informational logistics system. Principles and the levels of information logistic system. Resources project development. Business process of logistic operations. The tariff for the transportation of cargo.

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Тип: дипломная работа
Категория: Маркетинг
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Introduction

Now more and more companies require reception of the operative information depending on demanded conditions on a certain instant. Thus the information should be received as soon as possible with the minimum expenses of money resources, with maximum metrics of reliability, accuracy and objectivity. Connected with this operations in logistics sphere did not become an exception.

The logistics is an optimal control of the commodity-material streams followed from the supplier to the consumer and linked to them by informational, financial and service streams on the basis of a system approach for the purpose of abbreviation of time and costs in a chain of deliveries of the goods.

Nowadays, there are several types of logistics. Here are some of them: transportation logistics, procurement and production logistics, warehouse logistics, business logistics, information and marketing logistics, industrial logistics and distribution logistics. The majority of the types of logistics intersect. This is a case in point is the definition of the tasks of transport logistics, whose main tasks is to ensure cargo, minimizing the cost of shipping, searching for optimal routes of goods, searching and selection of forwarders, coordination of other issues with the sender and the recipient of the goods. Transport logistics is different from the transportation that freight forwarding is the result of logistics, namely choosing the most favorable option in terms of time and cost of the route, mode of transport and their combinations. Transport logistics binds the many stages of freight forwarding.

At the basis of control process of the material flows lies information processing, which is circulating in logistics systems. In this connection one of key concepts of logistics is the concept of an informational stream. The choice of vehicle type, the joint planning of transport processes, the joint route planning, joint planning of travel time along the route - all of this are information flows, by good governance them directly depends of the effectiveness of materials management.

The rules of logistics

Activity in the field of logistics has the final goal, which was called name “six rules of logistics”.

1. Cargo (the necessary goods).

2. Quality (necessary quality).

3. Quantity (in necessary quantity).

4. Time (should be supplied in due time).

5. A place (in a proper place).

6. Expenses (with the minimum expenses).

The purpose of logistics activity is considered reached if these six conditions are fulfilled, i.e. the necessary goods of necessary quality, in necessary quantity are supplied in due time, in a proper place with the minimum expenses.

Actuality

Contemporary development logistics underwent, in essence, because of appearance and development of the transmission media and data processing, there is demand for the applications for the logistics, the actuality of the need of the automation of logistic operations does not leave doubt.

Under the contemporary conditions for the development of economy for the enterprises of Kazakhstan urgent need to focus serious attention on the optimization of its activity appears, since the principles of the market economy take root into of increasing degree in the country, competition is strengthened. In this context the special importance acquires the creation of the systems, which make it possible to increase the effectiveness of control of material flows, which improves entire economic activity. As a whole, this problem can be defined as the formation of the competitive advantages through the reduction of logistic expenses and an improvement in the quality of maintenance on the basis of the creation of effectively functioning logistic systems.

The subject actuality is also defined: an increasing role which is played by logistics in economic activities in the conditions of market economy; problems of integration of Kazakhstan in a global logistics infrastructure and its adapting to standards and the requirements operating in the developed countries; necessity of application of modern technologies and economic mechanisms of creation and development. The research actuality is defined as well by that attention which is given by Government RK to questions of development of a logistics infrastructure and its interaction with the international logistics environment.

The purpose of diploma work

The main purpose of diploma project is - to make better transportation, automation of logistics operations in depots associated with the control of the route and time. Experience shows that because of the irrational planned routes and lack of control the location of transport companies transport costs are increased by 20-40%. Inefficient logistics management results in excessive mileage and fuel consumption, less than optimal use of fleet vehicles and simple, and the lack of funds leads to a diversion of transport, fuel drain, non-compliance with the conditions of transport drivers. And so today, in the fleets it is necessary to automate logistics processes. In particular the need to develop a software application that allows you to control the route and time of a particular bus. The development program will be implemented in JavaScript.

Novelty

To the basic results, obtained in the diploma work and which constitute the scientific novelty of a study, relates the following:

- defined requirements for the structure and function of modern logistics information systems allowing for the business organization;

- developed a procedure for choosing the most effective way to automate the management of the logistics company based on the analysis of business processes, information systems.

-Implement a software application, to select an effective way to control routing, time and resources to optimize cost.

The practical value of the work lies in the opportunities of practical use of methods and recommendations for the development of information systems in logistics. The use of the program will enhance the efficiency of logistics systems in the company.

Methods for the problem solution

Development of software applications for logistics solutions will reduce labor costs and saving money before officers standing at bus stops, watching the time, can use this time to work more effectively.

Disadvantages of paper conducting operations:

a) Loss of productivity in connection with search of necessary remarks to working off;

b) Copying and storage of remarks for the purpose of an archiving;

c) Cumulative influence on a total cost and the quality of tools given to clients.

Advantages of operation with electronic system:

a) Automation access of clients to a database;

b) Simple and safe digital archiving of the data;

c) Reduction of necessity for physical space of storage of documents at the expense of usage of digital storages;

d) Cumulative useful result of reduction of cost and more effective servicing;

e) the ability to monitor the bus directly from the bus park, which does not allow bus drivers to deceive the authorities.

The basic results of studies in the process of the work on the diploma project are published in [2].

Structure of diploma project

Diploma project consists of the following main sections: introduction, designing section, experimental research section, technological section, conclusion, bibliography and applications.

In introduction part is proved importance and an urgency of the selected subject, is formulated the purpose of the diploma project, and also offered the short characteristic of development of logistics.

In design section of the project are parsed necessary requirements at a design stage, is resulted the substantiation of development tools and defined the methodology of solution of the task.

In experimentally-research section is directly described system development, a physical design of the application, and also UML diagrams.

Technological section contains results of operation of the application, testing and the description of operation in Software application.

In the conclusion are resulted the main theoretical and practical results of the diploma project

The literature list consists of 18 sources.

Appendixes contains: user interface windows, codes of programs

1. Design section

1.1 Information systems in logistic

An informative thread is an aggregate of circulatory in the logistic system, between the logistic system and external environment of reports, necessary for a management and control of logistic operations. An informative thread can exist as paper and electronic documents.

It is necessary to mean, that besides logistic operations another operations, similarly attended with an origin and transmission of threads of information, are carried out in the economic systems. However logistic informative threads(stream) make the most meaningful part of the combined stream of information.

...